Mackall, Crounse & Moore, PLC has joined Dewitt Ross & Stevens S.C.

The newly formed DeWitt Mackall Crounse & Moore S.C. will provide clients with enhanced legal services
and efficiencies as well as access to more than 100 attorneys practicing in nearly 30 areas of
law in Wisconsin and Minnesota.

Dismiss this message


News & Education

Back to COVID-19 Resource Center

Filter by:

Trump Administration Issues Travel Ban for Certain Chinese Students and Researchers

On May 29, 2020, President Trump issued a new presidential proclamation limiting the entry in the U.S. of foreign nationals, this time restricting travel for certain F and J visa holders from China.  The travel ban took effect on June 1, 2020 and has no predetermined expiration date.  The proclamation will remain in effect until terminated by the President. 

What are F and J visas?

F-1 visas, commonly known as “student visas” are used by foreign nationals to attend school in the U.S. at various educational levels, including high school, undergraduate, and graduate levels, among others.  Spouses and minor children of F-1 visa holders may qualify for F-2 visas to accompany the principal F-1 student to the U.S.

J-1 visas, commonly known as “exchange visas” are used for several categories, including physicians, researchers, scholars, university professors, and teachers.  J-1 visas are also used for some temporary positions such as au pair, interns, trainees, or summer work.   Spouses and minor children of J-1 holders may qualify for J-2 visas to accompany the principal J-1 to the U.S.

Both the F and J visas are temporary, non-immigrant classifications, which do not provide an independent path to permanent residence (green card), or U.S. citizenship.  In fact, to qualify for F and J status, the visa applicant must prove to the satisfaction of the U.S. consulate that they have sufficient ties to their home country and intend to return home at the end of the F or J visa program they would attend in the U.S.

What does the Presidential Proclamation prohibit?

The May 29, 2020 Presidential Proclamation prohibits the entry into the United States as a nonimmigrant with F or J visa of any national of the People’s Republic of China who:

  • seeks to study at a graduate level or conduct research in the U.S., and
  • receives funding from, or has been employed by, studied at, or conducted research at or on behalf of any entity in China that implements or supports China’s military-civil fusion strategy

The Proclamation does not restrict entry to the U.S. of F and J visa holders for purposes of undergraduate studies, activities not related to U.S. education or research, or even for graduate studies if the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security determine the study or research program in the U.S. would not render information that may contribute to furthering China’s military-civil fusion strategy. 

The Proclamation does not restrict travel to the U.S. for permanent residents (green card holders), spouses of U.S. citizens or permanent residents, members of the U.S. Armer Forces and their spouses and children, individuals traveling pursuant to Section 11 of the United Nations Headquarters Agreement or other international agreements, or individuals whose entry would further important U.S. law enforcement or would be in the national interest of the U.S. as determined by the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security.

How will this Proclamation be implemented?

The Proclamation directs the U.S. Department of State to establish its own standards and procedures to identify all Chinese nationals seeking F and J visas to the U.S. who are affiliated with the study or research of any field that would potentially contribute to China’s military-fusion strategy.  The U.S. Department of State’s process will be used in vetting visa applications at the U.S. consulates abroad.  Similarly, the Proclamation directs the U.S. Department of Homeland Security to implement these restrictions for any individual seeking to enter the U.S. who has already obtained the F or J visa.

Given the effective date of the Proclamation (June 1st), we anticipate that Chinese students seeking to travel to the U.S. for the upcoming academic year 2020-2021 will experience severe delays in visa processing and a high number of visa denials, especially for those seeking to attend U.S. graduate programs in technology, engineering, or other scientific fields.  Chinese nationals already in possession of a J or F visa (and their spouses and children accompanying them) who wish to travel to the U.S. to resume their studies and/or research should also expect a higher likelihood that they will be subject to secondary inspection by U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) when going through U.S. customs.

Does this Proclamation limit travel on any other types of visas?

The Proclamation only limits travel on F and J visas.  However, the Proclamation directs the Secretaries of State and Homeland Security to review other types of visas, both nonimmigrant (temporary) and immigrant (leading to permanent residence/green card) within 60 days and recommend additional restrictions to the President.

We will continue to monitor the implementation of this Proclamation as the U.S. Departments of State and Homeland Security begin rolling out their respective regulations and procedures, and we will provide period updates.  In the meantime, if you have any questions regarding this issue or other U.S. immigration-related matter, please contact Attorney Raluca (Luca) Vais-Ottosen at (608) 252-9291 or

About the Author

Raluca Vais-Ottosen has assisted numerous clients with Immigration matters ranging from family-based and individual Immigration applications, to employment related visas and I-9 employment eligibility verification issues. In addition to her Immigration practice, she also has an extensive background in Employment Law. She assists companies in a number of areas, including but not limited to claims of workplace discrimination, harassment and retaliation, termination and constructive discharge, workplace investigations by State and Federal agencies, as well as Employment Litigation.

Contact Luca by email or by phone at (608) 252-9291.

Our Locations

We are currently limiting the amount of outside visitors to the firm.  

Please work directly with your attorney who will coordinate any onsite visits to ensure the safety of our clients and colleagues.


2 East Mifflin Street, Suite 600
Madison, WI 53703
(608) 255-8891
Get Directions

Greater Milwaukee

13845 Bishop’s Drive, Suite 300
Brookfield, WI 53005
(262) 754-2840
Get Directions


2100 AT&T Tower,
901 Marquette Avenue
Minneapolis, MN 55402
(612) 305-1400
Get Directions

Get to know us

DeWitt LLP is one of the ten largest law firms based in Wisconsin, with an additional presence in Minnesota. It has nearly 140 attorneys practicing in Madison, Metropolitan Milwaukee and Minneapolis in over 30 legal practice areas, and has the experience to service clients of all scopes and sizes.

Our People
Our Law Firm
Areas of Expertise
News & Education
Contact Us


We are an active and proud member of Lexwork International, an association of mid-sized independent law firms in major cities located throughout the Americas, Europe and Asia and an active member of SCG Legal, an association of more than 140 independent law firms serving businesses in all 50 state capitals and major commercial centers around the world.


Best Lawyers 2013 – 2018
Compass Award 2012
Top 100 Lawyers: National Trial Lawyers Association


While we would like to hear from you, we cannot represent you until we know that doing so will not create a conflict of interest. Accordingly, please do not send us any information about any matter that may involve you until you receive a written statement from us that we represent you (an “engagement letter”). You will not be a client of the firm until you receive such an engagement letter.

The best way for you to initiate a possible representation is to call DeWitt LLP at 608-255-8891. We will make every effort to put you in touch with a lawyer suited to handle your matter. When you receive an engagement letter from one of our lawyers, you will be our client and we may exchange information freely.

Please click the “OK” button if you understand and accept the foregoing statement and wish to proceed.